Autism is a disorder of neural development that is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. It affects the way a person is able to process information.
This affects your child’s ability to:
• Ability to understand to communicate.
• Interact socially.
• Understand and respond to activities and objects in the environment
• Respond to sensory stimuli. For example, a child may be scared of loud noises or only eat certain foods and wear certain clothing
• Learning process
The exact causes of these abnormalities remain unknown, but this is a very active area of research. There are probably a combination of factors that lead to autism. Family income, education, and lifestyle do not seem to affect the risk of autism.
How to treat autism
There is no cure for autism; however, with appropriate treatment and education, many children with the disorder can learn and develop. Early intervention can reduce challenges associated with the disorder, lessen disruptive behavior, and provide some degree of independence.
Treatment depends on the individual needs of the patient. In most cases, a combination of treatment methods is more effective. Autism usually requires lifelong treatment.
Occupational therapy and physical therapy are sometimes used to treat autism. Occupational therapy helps improve independent function and teaches basic skillsPhysical therapy involves using exercise and other physical measures to help patients control body movements.
Treatment includes the following:
* Behavior modification
* Communication therapy
* Dietary modifications
A search for appropriate treatment must be paired with the knowledge that all treatment approaches are not equal; what works for one will not work for all, and other options do not have to be excluded. The basis for choosing any treatment plan should come from a thorough evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses observed in the child.