Do you know about dementia? It is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enought to interfere with daily life. One of common dementia problem is memory loss especially Alzheimer . It’s an overall term that describes a wide range of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce a person’s ability to perform everyday activities. It is not a single disease in itself, but a general term to describe symptoms such as impairments to memory, communication and thinking. (Alz.org)
Causes of Dementia
There are several situations that cause dementia such as :-
- Diseases that cause degeneration or loss of nerve cells in the brain such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s.
- Diseases that affect blood vessels, such as stroke, which can cause a disorder known as multi-infarct dementia.
- Toxic reactions, like excessive alcohol or drug use.
- Nutritional deficiencies, like vitamin B12 and folate deficiency.
- Infections that affect the brain and spinal cord, such as AIDS dementia complex and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
- Certain types of hydrocephalus, an accumulation of fluid in the brain that can result from developmental abnormalities, infections, injury, or brain tumors.
- Head injury — either a single severe head injury or chronic smaller injuries that often occur from boxing.
- Illnesses other than in the brain, such as kidney, liver, and lung diseases, can all lead to dementia.
Dementia also become a growing epidemic and become worst to our community. Read the infographic below :-
Although very little can be done to alter the course of dementia, much can be done to maximize the quality of life of people with the condition. Research as well as practical experience suggest that behavior management, especially through programs that provide meaningful and constructive activity, is currently the most effective treatment.For more info about demetia click link below;
Keeping Busy: A Handbook of Activities for Persons with Dementia