What is Anaemia


What is anaemia?


It is a condition in which the mature red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body tissues decreases. This function is carried out by a protein called hemoglobin. Anemia usually means not enough hemoglobin. Normal Haemoglobin level is between 11.5 to 16.5g/dL for women and 12.5 to 18.5g/dL for men.

Causes of anemia

  • Blood loss (whether acute or chronic)
  • Acute blood loss may be seen on a road accident or after surgery. Blood loss of more than 500ml usually require blood fiber.
  • Chronic blood loss occurs during excessive menstruation, worm infestation and other conditions.
  • The formation of red blood cells is not sufficient from the bone marrow.

Pernicious Anaemia: the Forgotten Disease – the causes and consequences of vitamin B12 deficiency

Anaemia may be caused by:

  • The lack of essential factors like iron, and vitamin B12, folate and erythropoietin.
  • Rapid expansion of the youth, resulting in increased demand for iron which is above the level of iron absorption.
  • Menstrual cycle in women with a loss estimated 30mg of iron each month causes of iron deficiency.
  • Toxic factors: inflammatory disease, liver and kidney failure, medications.
  • Hormone deficiency: low levels of thyroid hormones.
  • Attacks the bone marrow: blood cancers, bone marrow disease.
  • Disorders of red blood cells: conditions such as thalassemia.
  • Destruction of red blood cells over-
  • May occur in some infections or taking a medication.

Common types of anaemia are:

  • Anaemia due to iron deficiency.
  • Thalassaemia

The signs and symptoms of anemia :

  • Feeling tired all the time
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath when doing physical activity
  • Pale skin
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Poor memory
  • Weight loss

If anaemia is excessive it will cause:

  • Heart failure where the heart function becomes weak and inadequate.
  • Contain such problems during childbirth pramatang and fetal growth during terencat inside the womb.

Anaemia treatment
Examination of hemoglobin to determine whether you have anemia or can not be done at a clinic near you.

Treatment of anaemia depends on the type of anaemia encountered.

  • If it is caused by medical problems such as Thalassemia, Leukaemia, specific treatment should be done.
  • If it is caused by iron deficiency, then it must take a balanced diet containing a high iron and added iron pills

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