Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a form of child abuse by shaking a baby that will result in brain and head injury. It may strike inside skull leading to bleeding and bruising that cause subdural haemorrhage. The syndrome can occur even less than 5 second shaking. Most injury effect to children age below 2 years and many cases victims are boys.
Parents not aware that they abuse their baby because they think shaking baby is to keep baby happy. There are no sign of injury of this syndrome and need to use X-Ray to diagnose it. It is not good for a baby to get X-Ray in early ages.
Other’s than normal shaking, they are stressed parent make abuse by shake their children to quiet crying.
Sign and symptoms Shaken Baby Syndrome
• Fussy or irritated
• Can’t move much
• Too much sleep and hard to awake.
• Blood in the eyes
• Can’t breathing well
• Not eating well
• Pale or bluish skin
• Head is turned to one side
Parents and baby sitter must aware of the dangers of shaking .Shaken baby syndrome can result in permanent disabilities and it can even cause partial or complete paralysis. Remember, never shake your baby. It can cause a fatal damage and you will regret later.
For parents and other caregivers, factors that may increase the risk of inflicting shaken baby syndrome include:
- Unrealistic expectations of babies
- Young or single parenthood
- Domestic violence
- Alcohol or substance abuse
- Unstable family situations
- A history of mistreatment as a child
- Also, men are more likely to inflict shaken baby syndrome than are women.
Survivors of shaken baby syndrome may require lifelong medical care for conditions such as:
- Partial or total blindness
- Hearing loss
- Developmental delays, learning problems or behavior issues
- Mental retardation
- Seizure disorders
- Cerebral palsy
Various tests may be needed to detect injuries, such as:
- Computerized tomography (CT) scan. A CT scan uses X-ray images to provide cross-sectional images of a child’s brain. This test can help detect injuries that need urgent intervention.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI uses a powerful magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of a child’s brain. Because MRI is difficult to perform on a child who’s unstable, it’s usually done two to three days after the injury.
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- Skeletal survey. A series of skeletal X-rays — possibly including the arms, hands, legs, feet, spine, ribs and skull — may be used to gauge whether fractures are accidental or purposeful and find previous fractures.
- Ophthalmological exam. An eye exam can reveal bleeding and other eye injuries.
- Blood tests. Some metabolic and genetic disorders, as well as bleeding and clotting disorders, can lead to symptoms that may mimic shaken baby syndrome. Blood tests can help rule out some of these conditions.
When to see a doctor
Seek immediate help if you suspect your child has been injured by violent shaking. Contact your child’s doctor or take your child to the nearest emergency room. Getting medical care right away may save your child’s life or prevent serious health problems.
Health care professionals are legally required to report all suspected cases of child abuse to state authorities.