Hot weather to physical stress to the human body. The effect may be from moderate (mild) to the cause of death for example due to heat stroke.Everyone is at risk to be victims of the hot weather. However, there is a higher risk group:
- Those who are involved in activities outside of physical activity such as labor, farmers, athletes, military, police and others.
- Adults (aged over 40, risk 10-fold compared with those younger).
- Children aged 5 years and below.
- People with respiratory system diseases.
- People with high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes and thyroid gland.
- Increased risk if they wear a thick and tight to prevent the heat out of the evaporation / drying sweat.
Symptoms of extreme hot weather are:
- Poor Concentration
- Muscle weakness or cramps
- Nausea and vomiting
- Conditions too severe can cause dehydration (dehydration), confusion and unconsciousness (coma).
How to prevent or reduce the health effects caused by extreme hot weather:
- Drink plenty of water regardless of the level of physical activity you do. Do not wait until you are thirsty.
- Drinking isotonic drinks because it can replace salt and minerals lost during sweating.
- As far as possible, you need to be in the house / building
- Limit outdoor activities
- Frequent rest
- Shower or use a fan to cool your body
- Wear lightweight, light-colored and loose.
- Wear a hat or umbrella large
- Drink beverages that contain caffeine, alcohol, or high sugar content.
- Leaving someone in a closed car.
- Exercising in hot weather
If you have signs of heat related problems, remember these tips under;
- Out of the hot
- Remove tight clothing
- Put a cold wet cloth on the body
- Use a fan to cool down
- Drink water every 15 minutes
- Get help if the situation can not be controlled
Always get information about your healthcare. If you have health problem, go to your hospital nearest. Other’s hot weather tips :-
20 hot tips to stay cool – Dailymail