UV radiation from the sun can damage your child’s eyes. Disclosure under the direct UV radiation can cause serious eye diseases including macular blindness and the leading cause of impairment to blindness.
The child is at risk of negative effects of UV radiation because most of them do not know to protect their eyes. As a result, the damage occurred in their eyes at a young age.
Here are some tips on care your child’s eyes: -
Reduce time spent in near work
- Reduce time spent on playing games in hand-held electronic devices, or handphone games and other computer-related activities such as blogging and internet chats.
- Encourage your child to take a break after 30-40 minutes of near work such as reading or writing. Your child should look at distant objects for 3 to 5 minutes. They could look out of the window into the distance.
Increase time spent on outdoor activities every day
- Increase time spent on outdoor activities like ball games, walks in the park or a family picnic at the beach, etc as there is emerging evidence that outdoor activities may delay the onset or progression of myopia in your child.
- Outdoor activities should not include reading or playing hand-held games outdoors. Instead, encourage your child to engage in fun activities that involve body movements to increase physical fitness.
Encourage other healthy eye care habits
- Ensure there is adequate lighting in the room.
- When reading, hold the book about 30 cm away from the eyes.
- Make sure when using the computer, the monitor screen is about 50 cm away from the eyes.
- Sit at a distance away from the TV that is appropriate to its size. The bigger the TV, the further away your child should sit.
Take your child for eye checkups yearly
Ensure a healthy lifestyle
- Eat a balanced diet.
- Have at least eight hours of sleep each night to rest the eyes.
- Instead of just playing computer games, participate in outdoor games as well.
These are some useful tips your child could follow on wearing spectacles.
- Use both hands to put on or remove your spectacles.
- Do not place your spectacles downwards on the table or other surfaces as this would scratch the lenses.
- Wash your spectacles at least once a day or whenever they are dirty, using soap and water and then wipe them clean with a soft cloth.
- If you are not using your spectacles, keep them in the spectacle case. Do not place your spectacles in your pockets where it may fall out or become bent out of shape.
- If you cannot see clearly even with your spectacles, or if you have any pain in the eyes, headaches, dizziness or vomiting, your spectacles may not be right for you and need to be changed as soon as possible.
Wearing contact lenses
Get your child to practise these tips when wearing contact lenses.
- Make sure you learn how to handle your contact lenses correctly from your optician or optometrist.
- Always wash your hands before handling your contact lenses.
- Clean your contact lenses daily with the method taught to you.
- Keep your fingernails short to avoid scratching your contact lenses.
- Do not wear contact lenses if there is discomfort or redness in your eyes.
- Use lubricating eyedrops whenever you feel your eyes are dry.
- Always keep a spare pair of spectacles with you in case you are unable to wear your contact lenses
Source : Singapore Health Promotion Board
Hopefully this guide can help parents in ensuring children’s eyes are in good condition