What is Opiate

Heroin101

Introduction
Opiates or narcotics are effective painkillers. It is similar to the effects of endorphins, a natural chemical in the brain that affect the ‘feel comfortable / happy’. These drugs stimulate the emotions and create a comfortable and quiet conditions. Dependence and addiction happens if it is frequently used. If this drug can not be obtained, the person will begin to show signs of withdrawal.


The types of drugs in this group include:

  • Heroin
  • Opium
  • Morphine
  • Codeine
  • Fentanyl

This drug can be swallowed, smoked or injected.

Signs and symptoms Opiate
The effects and signs of abuse include: relief from pain, feelings of floating (Euphoria), calming feeling, and drowsiness, confusion, dizziness, breathing slowly and depression. When a person stops using the drug abruptly, withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Taste bristle ‘hairs up’
  • Perspire
  • Flu
  • Cold
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach ache
  • Joint and muscle pain

Although narcotics are not dangerous, to take over and when the drug is injected in the body in excessive amounts, it can kill.

Complication
There are a lot of consequences from taking opiates and narcotics. They include:

  • Infections – Problems can arise as a result of sharing needles. You can be infected with diseases such as HIV or AIDS, inflammation of the liver (hepatitis), Myocarditis (an infection of the heart), brain abscess, and more.
  • Died of excessive drug use.
  • Malnutrition
  • Mental disorders
  • The effects of social problems such as dismissal, involvement in criminal activities including prostitution, domestic violence, divorce and disputes within the family and more.
  • Problems such as loss of sexual desire and impotence.

For pregnant women, it can cause birth outside the mature, low birth weight infants, signs of withdrawal in babies and infant mortality.

Treatment
There are various treatments available if you want to stop drug addiction. There are rehabilitation centers conducted by government agencies, NGOs, charities or religious institutions and rehabilitation centers run by the private sector.
Any inconvenience caused as a result of psychiatric diseases and health problems should be treated with an appropriate way.

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