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Introduction about head lice
Lice are small parasitic insects, wingless, blood sucking.
Head lice infestation is common. Children aged 3-10 years in preschool or day care centers are more vulnerable to this attack. It is easily spread, especially among school children, through personal contact and sharing personal items.
Head lice will die if separated from the human head for more than two days.
Signs & Symptoms
Lice on the scalp and nits on hair shafts are easily seen at the neck and over your ears.
It is seen as small red bumps on the scalp, neck and shoulders.
If your child is younger than 2 years, comb to remove lice and nits but do not use anti-lice agents.
Check all family members and treat only if it appears there are lice or nits.
Hair conditioner may hide or head lice, so it should not be used hair conditioner before applying lice agents.
Use hot water to wash bedding and clothing that have been used by the infested person since two days ago.
All things that can not be washed such as games made ??from the fabric should be placed in a plastic bag for 2 weeks. Hould be opened outside the home. Other options that can be done is to do dry cleaning.
Combs and brushes should be disinfected in hot water or alcohol. Soak for 5 minutes or more in the water very hot.
Floors and furniture, especially sofas and areas used by children should be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner. Throw away the vacuum bag immediately afterwards.
If the bug is found in children can be enrolled, notify the school nurse or teacher in order to limit the spread of lice. Children are advised not to share hats, combs and other personal belongings at school.
Medicine for head lice:
Gamma benzene hexachloride (lindane)
Families are encouraged to regularly check children regularly because it can recur.
Wash clothes, bed linens, combs and brushes to prevent recurrence.
Preventive treatment with anti-lice agents is not recommended because it can lead to illness and persistent itching.
Health education on the life cycle of lice, hygiene and other matters useful.
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